North Carolina Justice Academy

North Carolina Department of Justice

Early Stage Street Encounters and Laws of Investigative Stops

Please check our "Available Training" page for the most current status of the course. 

Who Should Attend:

Officers involved in law enforcement involving guns, drugs, gangs and other high risk street investigations.

Course Goals:

To enable the officer to confidently apply lawful authority during early stage street encounters, especially as it pertains to investigative stops, officer-safety tactics and in-field investigative procedures.

Officers must be aware of their authority to engage in street level investigations and must be aware of legal tactics they may employ to maximize their investigative abilities at early stages of the investigation – that is, in situations where officers do not have probable cause to believe the individual is engaged in crime or in possession of evidence or contraband, including weapons and firearms.

Course Objectives:

The student will be able to:

 * Determine reasonable suspicion based on officer-observed factors, third party informants and other sources of information. 
 * Identify investigative procedures authorized during investigative stops including a review of field interviews, Miranda and the public safety exception.
 * Lawfully utilize officer safety tactics during investigative stops, including protective searches, use of weapons and restraints and force issues.
 * Effectively conduct reasonable suspicion based motor vehicle stops, including authorized officer safety tactics available during the investigation.


This course employs lecture, class discussion and an intensive review of judicial decisions (appellate court cases) illustrating the points made throughout the course.

Course Requirements:

This is an intermediate level course involving an intensive review of judicial decisions and other legal sources. Attendance is required at all sessions.

NOTE: The materials in this course are included in the NC Weapons Laws and Street Investigations course. Students are encouraged to choose one or the other.


Register for ALL NCJA classes (traditional classroom and online) on our  North Carolina Justice Academy Training Portal. After signing in to the portal, you can view ALL available classes. If you don’t have a portal account, instructions for creating one are located here.



J. Rick Brown

Length of Course:

Two days- 16 hours



TEICP Accredited Course

 CICP Credit